Definition of family by different authors

Definition of family by different authors

Humans are social beings. So to live in a society, people have to carry family identity. The family is the oldest organization. This organization is usually based on the sexual relations of the husband and wife and maintains its existence through the production and rearing of children.

Definition of family by different authors:

According to Robert Morrison MacIver, “Family is a group defined by a sex relationship sufficiently precise and enduring to provide for the procreation and upbringing of children”

According to M. F. Nimcoff, “Family is a more or less durable association of husband and wife with or without children”

Eliot and Merrill define, “Family is the biological social unit composed of husband, wife, and children”

According to The Australian Bureau of Statistics, “Two or more persons, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering, and who are usually resident in the same household”

According to Burgess and Locke, “Family is a group of persons united by the consisting of a single household: interacting and intercommunicating with each other in their respective social roles of husband and wife, mother and father, son and daughter, brother and sister creating a common culture”

Kingsley Davis defines, “Family is a group of persons, whose relations to one another are based upon con­sanguinity and who are therefore kin to one another”

According to Oxford Dictionaries, “A group of one or more parents and their children living together as a unit.” or “A group of people related by blood or marriage.”

Definition of family by different authors:

Clare defines, “Family is a system of relationships existing between parents and children”

U.S. Census Bureau defines, “A family is a group of two people or more (one of whom is the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together; all such people (including related subfamily members) are considered as members of one family”

According to United Nations, 1948, “The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State”

According to Arnold H. Green, “Family is the institutionalized social group charged with the duty of population replacement”

The general concept of family:

  • The family generally refers to a group of people who live together and have a direct and cordial relationship.
  • A family is a social group bound by marriage, blood relations, and kinship. The family is a basic social organization with a very close, sincere, and face-to-face relationship. Where there is no place for a person outside the family.
  • However, through adoption, a person outside the family is included in the family. Then that person is no longer a member of another family, he becomes a member of that family.
  • There is constant interaction between family members. Every family has its own ideals, traditions, and customs which the members of that family maintain, nurture, and control their behavior accordingly.

Advantages and disadvantages of single family


  1. In a single-family, you can make your own decisions.
  2. Costs in a single-family are lower all the time.
  3. Single-family quarrels are less hateful.
  4. The nutritional value of all the members of a single-family can be achieved properly.


  1. People from single families often suffer from depression because their lives are surrounded by loneliness.
  2. Children raised in a single-family do not properly understand social bonds.

Advantages and disadvantages of joint family:


  1. Being in a joint family, we can always help and enjoy each other.
  2. As a result of having a joint family, the children of the family grow up with proper education.
  3. Having a joint family can solve all the problems together.


  1. Having a lot of people together in a joint family makes quarrels more common.
  2. There is always a problem with the distribution of wealth in the joint family.
  3. Joint family decisions can never be made alone.

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