//Present Perfect Tense কাকে বলে? Present Perfect Tense এর উদাহরণ দাও?
Present Perfect Tense কাকে বলে Save

Present Perfect Tense কাকে বলে? Present Perfect Tense এর উদাহরণ দাও?

কোনো কাজ এইমাত্র শেষ হয়েছে, কিন্তু তার ফলাফল এখনও বর্তমান, এরূপ বুঝালে তখন তাকে Present Perfect Tense বলে। অতীতের কোনো কাজ শুরু হয়েছে এবং বর্তমান সময়ে চলছে এরূপ বুঝালে Verb এর Present Perfect Tense হয়।

বাংলায় চেনার উপায়: বাংলা ক্রিয়াপদের শেষে, য়াছ, য়াছি, য়াছে, য়াছেন, য়েছ, য়েছি, য়েছে, য়েছেন ইত্যাদি থাকতে পারে।

ইংরেজিতে চেনার উপায়: Just, Just now, Already, Recently, Lately, yet, ever, never ইত্যাদি থাকতে পারে।

Structure/ গঠন:

Affirmative Sentence: Subject + have/ has + মূল Verb এর Past Participle Form + Extension (অন্যান্য অংশ).
Negative Sentence: Subject + have not/ has not + মূল Verb এর Past Participle + Extension.

Example: 

  • I have played.
  • we have walked
  • He has played.
  • She has played.
  • You have played.
  • They have played.
  • We have fixed the fence.
  • I have known Karim since 2010.
  • We have not quarreled with you.
  • I have not taken the wrong decision.

Present Perfect Tense এর Sentence তৈরি করার নিয়ম: 

Subject Auxiliary verb Negative Sentence এর ক্ষেত্রে not বসাব মূল Verb এর Past Participle Form Extension (অন্যান্য অংশ)
They have visited Dhaka two times.
I have helped him to do the task.
Kabir has seen Himalayas.
I have not eaten breakfast today.
He has not played football.

Related Article: Tense কত প্রকার ও কি কি? Tense এর ১২টি গঠন এর বিস্তারিত ব্যাখ্যা দাও?

Example: Present Perfect Tense → Affirmative Sentence:
  • I have worked.
  • We have studied.
  • she has written.
  • She has painted.
  • I have traveled.
  • He has traveled.
  • They have been to Australia.
  • We have taken the wrong path.
  • We have traveled around the world.
  • They have read various kinds of books.
Example: Present Perfect Tense → Negative Sentence:
  • I have not played.
  • They have not tried.
  • You have not moved there.
  • We have not played tennis.
  • Karim has not been to India.
  • She hasn’t tried to learn a lot.
  • We haven’t studied for the exam.
  • My birds have not eaten anything.
  • We haven’t forgotten your birthday.
  • They have not eaten breakfast today.

Example: Present Perfect Tense → Interrogative Sentence:

  • has she met Kamal?
  • what have we done?
  • What have you done today?
  • Have you seen the movie?
  • Have you kept my secret?
  • Has the post arrived yet?
  • Why has she gone already?
  • Has she eaten my sandwich?
  • Have you been to New York before?
  • Has Kabir finished reading the newspaper yet?