//Present Perfect Continuous Tense কাকে বলে? Present Perfect Continuous Tense এর উদহারণ?
Present Perfect Continuous Tense কাকে বলে Present Perfect Continuous Tense এর উদহারণ Save

Present Perfect Continuous Tense কাকে বলে? Present Perfect Continuous Tense এর উদহারণ?

কোনো কাজ আগে/পূর্বের কোনো নির্দিষ্ট সময়ে শুরু হয়ে বর্তমানকলেও চলছে, এরূপ বুঝালে তখন তাকে Present Perfect Continuous Tense কাকে বলে।

সহজ ভাষায়, কোনো কাজ অতীতকালে শুরু হয়ে এখন পর্যন্ত চলছে বুঝালে তখন Present Perfect Continuous Tense হয়।

Present Perfect Continuous Tense চেনার উপায়:  বাংলা ক্রিয়া পদের শেষে তেছি, তেছ, তেছে, তেছেন, চ্ছি, চ্ছ, চ্ছে, চ্ছেন ইত্যাদি থাকে।

Present Perfect Continuous Tense – এর Structure বা গঠন প্রনালী:

Subject + have been/ has been + ing যুক্ত মূল verb + Extension
Subject + Have not been / Has not been + ing যুক্ত মূল verb + Extension

Example:

  • Meena has been singing.
  • Kabir has been living in New York since 1990.
  • They have been waiting for me for 4 hours.
  • I have been using their car for five years.
  • We have been talking for the last hour.
  • I have not been sleeping for three days.
  • I have been watching the concert for an hour.
  • They have not been playing games for six hours.

Point of time/ নির্দিষ্ট সময় বুঝাতে Present perfect continuous tense এর ক্ষেত্রে since ব্যবহৃত হয়। এখানে Since-এর অর্থ ‘কোন সময় থেকে’ (point of time).

যেমন: 

  • They have been watching TV since 8 pm.
  • Kamal has been living in Dhaka since he left school.
  • Snigdha has been working in an organization since 2018.
  • Mizanur has been teaching at the university since March.
  • I have not been coming to the office since January 2019.

Period of time বা সময়ের ব্যাপ্তি বুঝাতে Present perfect continuous tense এর ক্ষেত্রে for ব্যবহৃত হয়।

যেমন: 

  • We have been talking for the last hour. 
  • We have not been sleeping for three days.
  • Meena hasn’t been feeling well for two weeks.
  • Karim has been playing Cricket for a long time.
  • Salman has been reading the book for two hours.

আরো সহজভাবে বুঝার জন্য নিচের Example গুলি দেখুন:

  • I have been working for one hour.
  • You have been sleeping too much.
  • We have not been playing Cricket.
  • It has not been raining.
  • My mom has been cooking for three hours.
  • Have you been listening to realistic songs since morning?

Since এবং For ভালোভাবে বুঝে নিন:

Since – Point of time For – Period of time
Sunday four days
11.00 am 20 minutes
January 2 months
2020 4 years
1700 3 centuries
Present Perfect Continuous Tense এর বাক্যকে প্রশ্নবোধক বাক্য বা interrogative কিভাবে করে?

Has/have + subject + been + main verb + ing + since/for (If needed) + Extension

Example:

  • Have you been exercising lately?
  • Has She been using her car for two years?
  • Have you been waiting here for two hours?
  • Has he been working as a lecturer for three years?
  • Have you been going to your university since 2020?

Related Article: Tense কাকে বলে? কত প্রকার ‍ও কি কি?

Some MCQ solution of Present Perfect Continuous Tense:
  1. The baby _____ since morning.
    a) cries
    b) has cried
    c) has been crying
    d) have been crying
    Answer: c) has been crying
  2. The sentence “I have been doing” is—-
    a) Present indefinite tense
    b) Present continuous tense
    c) Present perfect tense
    d) Present perfect continuous tense
    Answer: d) Present perfect continuous tense
  3. He ____ for five hours and is still sleeping.
    a) slept
    b) has slept
    c) was sleeping
    d) has been sleeping 
    Answer: d) has been sleeping 
  4. For the past ten minutes I ____ for my friends to come. He hasn’t arrived yet.
    a) waited
    b) was waiting
    c) am waiting
    d) have been waiting
    Answer: d) have been waiting
  5. It ____ since morning.
    a) rained
    b) is raining
    c) was raining
    d) has been raining
    Answer: d) has been raining