Leadership is the ability to influence others to achieve a particular goal. More precisely, leadership is the ability to direct the actions of an individual or group or their behavior towards a specific purpose. A person who leads or influences a party or group is called a leader. Leadership drives the organization’s human labor and mechanical strength toward specific goals. Leadership boosts staff morale.
In general, Leadership refers to the qualities of a political party leader. Leadership is the ability and quality of an individual to influence and manage others and to help achieve desired goals. Under the influence of competent leadership, a society can reach the pinnacle of success. Again, under the influence of incompetent leadership, a society can be destroyed. Only the right leadership can bring about the success of the society and the state by carrying out huge activities efficiently and efficiently.
Definitions of Leadership by Different Authors
R. W. Griffin defines, “Leadership can be defined as the ability to influence others.”
Peter Drucker defines, “The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers.”
According to Keith Davis, “Leadership is the process of encouraging and helping others to work enthusiastically toward objectives.”
According to Van Fleet, “Leadership is an influence process directed at shaping the behavior of others.”
John Maxwell states, “Leadership is influence, nothing more, nothing less.”
C.I. Bernard defines, “Leadership is the quality of behavior of the individuals whereby they guide people or their activities in organized efforts.”
According to Warren Bennis, “leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential.”
According to Koontz and O’Donnell, “Leadership is the process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.”
U.S. Airforce defines, “Leadership is the art of influencing and directing people in such a way that will win their obedience, confidence, respect, and loyal cooperation in achieving common objectives.”
Bernard Keys and Thomas defined, “Leadership is the process of influencing and supporting others to work enthusiastically towards achieving objectives.”
Definitions of Leadership by Different Authors
According to George R. Terry, “Leadership is a relationship in which one person influences others to work together willingly on related tasks to attain what the leader desires.”
Adeoye Mayowa defines, “Leadership is the ability to evaluate and or forecast a long term plan or policy and influence the followers towards the achievement of the said strategy.”
According to Charles Handy (1992), “A leader shapes and shares a vision which gives point to the work of others.”
Hosking said, “Leaders are those who consistently make effective contributions to social order, and who are expected and perceived to do so.”
Northouse defines, “Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.”
According to Hemphill & Coons, “Leadership is the behavior of an individual when he is directing the activities of a group toward a shared goal.”
According to Buchannan and Huczynski, “Leadership is a social process in which one individual influences the behavior of others without the use of threat or violence.”
On the basis of formality, leadership can be divided into two parts:
- Formal leadership
- Informal leadership
1. Formal leadership: Formal leadership arises from the formal structure. A person is considered to be the leader of the subordinates because of the legitimate powers conferred by the institution. The principal of a college is an example of such leadership.
2. Informal leadership: Leadership that develops outside of formal relationships is called informal leadership. Informal leaders have no statutory powers. They influence people by their personalities.
Leadership Vs Management
There are some similarities and differences between leadership and management. One can be a leader without being a manager; Again, no one can be a manager without being a leader. Organizational power means that a manager can instruct his subordinates. In this case, he is simply a manager, not a leader. But if he can organize his subordinates and activate them in various ways, then he is also their leader.
Qualities of an ideal leader:
- Decision making
- Purpose setting
- Courage and Enthusiasm
- Physical Fitness
- Dispute resolution
- Time Awareness
- Flexible attitude
- Ability to maintain balance
- Analytical ability
- Charming personality
- Communication Skills
- Ability to understand
- Ability to make decisions
- Self-control and restraint
- Collaborative mindset
- Provide motivation and encouragement to employees
- Organizing missions, visions, goals, and objectives
Importance of Leadership:
The importance of leadership in management is immense. In any business, it is not possible to achieve the goal without the cooperation and united efforts of the employees. So the leader needs to motivate all the members of the team so that they all participate in the development of the team with enthusiasm. Effective leadership serves as the basis for such collaboration within the organization. The workforce gathers around leadership and performs the function of cooperation. So such leadership strategies must adopt management.
Effective leadership puts institutional goals first. Because leadership is a strategy in which subordinates are engaged in achieving the goals set to the best of their ability. If there is a competent leader in the organization, his efforts are directed towards the specific objectives of the workforce.